Andhra Pradesh state government started the Andhra Pradesh Social Welfare Residential Educational Institutions Society (APSWREIS) in 1984 to provide quality education to poor SC, ST, and OBC students by establishing the residential schools, a step that was path breaking in those days itself. This tiny step not only rescued thousands of children, from becoming dropouts, but also transformed them as employable by ensuring their entry into the impervious domain of higher education.


Amidst growing concerns over quality of education in the state run schools in the rural India, APSWREIS has emerged as the lone bright spot by producing thousands of outstanding despite many challenges. In 2013 alone it had sent approximately 60 students to IITs and NITs and hundreds to medical and engineering colleges in the state. Students of APSWREIS schools have been consistently showing extraordinary performance in the board examinations vis-a-vis other state run educational institutions.


There are 177 residential schools for students of Class V to Class XII with 97,708 students.  75% of the seats are reserved for SCs, 12% for converted Christians, 6% for the Scheduled Tribes (ST), 5% for the Backward Castes (BC), and 2% for Other Castes (OC). Reservation is also provided for children who are the victims of worst human rights abuse and natural calamities. APSWREIS has evolved as an institution that particularly cares for girls with about 91 institutions (69%) reserved for girls. There are about 4000 teachers in the society making teacher-student ratio to 1:32. Students have been admitted to the institutions through a lottery method since 2008 (after RTE Act) in the fifth class and being the medium of instruction is English.


APSWREIS is a grant in aid institution whose budgetary requirements are totally provided by the government of A.P. It has a unique plate to slate approach where all amenities including tuition, boarding, books, uniform, foot wear, plates, toiletries, etc are provided to the children at State’s cost.


APSWRIES has robust infrastructure with 162 school complexes functioning in own building and another 17 are under construction. APSWREIS has been the pioneer in leveraging technology both, in administration and education and made rapid strides in achieving efficiency through technology. Today all 177 institutions are a part of an intranet with assured connectivity, own an e-mail service and a website. The academic progress of the students and teachers is monitored online through Student Academic Monitoring System (SAMS). The staff gets salaries online through HRMS-Payroll System . Today APSWREIS is reaching out to almost 161of its institutions through state run SAPNET, ‘MANA TV’ to arrange lectures for EAMCET, LAWCET, I-CET by the experts. APSWREIS continues to stay tuned with the recent advances in technology in education field.


To sustain academic excellence and achieve all-round development of the students, a dynamic model, ‘P-5’ is implemented in all the institutions with five essential components viz. teacher empowerment, creating learning environment, promoting competitiveness, utilizing technology, and involving the community.











·   TOTAL STUDENTS: 97,708



·   ENTRY LEVEL: 5TH CLASS and Junior Intermediate 


·   TOTAL BUDGET (2015-2016) – Rs 563.12 Crores


Classes V to VII: Rs: 750.00

ClassesVIII to X: Rs850.00

Intermediate: Rs1050.00

·   SSC PUBLIC EXAM RESULTS -2015: 92.77% (91.14%- STATE AVERAGE)






“Only educated are free”- Epictetus (55-135 AD)

            While the poorest in the nation are relentlessly pushing their living standards upwards due to support extended by the governments, the state of Andhra Pradesh triggered a different revolution in the lives of poor by giving them free education. Andhra Pradesh state government has decided to provide quality education to the students of Scheduled Caste (SC), Schedule Tribe (ST), and other Backward Community (OBC) sections and has started, in 1984, Andhra Pradesh Social Welfare Residential Educational Institutions Society (APSWREIS). The sole objective of the society is to provide quality education to poor children by ‘catching them young’ and empower them with requisite skills so that they pursue higher education without any hitch.

While the number of students enrolled in the government run schools remained volatile, the social welfare residential schools continued to attract students since inception, thanks to their commitment to quality education. Getting admitted into Social Welfare Residential Schools is considered as a status symbol and passport to employment in rural areas even today. Students of APSWREIS schools never belied the expectations of their parents and the community at large.  Thousands of students of these institutions continue to join civil services, medical, engineering, teaching professions even today. For instance, in the last 12 years alone these institutions could send more than 60 students to IITs and NITs and hundreds to medical and engineering colleges in the state despite many challenges.


The number of SWR schools steadily rose from 46 in 1984 to 177 today giving education to 97,708 students. Besides these schools, APSWREIS also runs 34 Kasturiba Gandhi Balika Vidyalayas (KGBV) in the state. Education at SWR schools starts from Class V to Class XII. Since 2002 the society has been running an IIT coaching center at Nagole, which had produced more than 200 students who have joined IITs, NITs, IIITs and premier Engineering colleges in the country. Enthused by Nagole’s success, in 2006-07, the APWREIS created three centers of excellence in co-ed model to coach students to crack medical and engineering entrance examinations. The entry level to CoE is IX class and students are admitted through entrance examination.


Till 2008 admissions were made at Class VI through entrance examination every year. However, after the introduction of RTE Act in the year 2008, admission tests were replaced by the lottery method and entry level was changed from VI to V class. For Class XI, Admissions are given based on marks obtained in Class X or School Secondary Certificate (SSC). However, admissions for Class IX at ‘Centre of Excellence’ are given through entrance test. With the Government of AP declaring APSWREIS as a special category institution under section 2 (l) of RTE Act, it is being contemplated to reintroduce entrance examination. The quota for allocation of seats is as follows:

75%- Scheduled Caste (SC)                                                                                      

12%- SC Converted Christians                                                                                                               

6%   - Scheduled Tribe (ST)                                                                                                                    

5%   - Backward Caste (BC)                                                                                                                        

2%   - Other Caste (OC)


Reservation is also provided for children rescued from hazardous industries, bonded labour, Jogins and Basavins (people who are forced into sex industry in some of the religious institutions), children of scavengers, victims of atrocities, orphans due to natural calamities, rape victims, to the extent of 15% without disturbing the above composition.



There are whopping 121 girls’ schools, 54 boys’ schools and 02 Co- education schools in APSWREIS today.  The number of these institutions is likely to grow in future.

On an average, each district has 12 institutions today. In 2006-2007 three co-ed institutions were started as centers of excellence in the three regions of AP to train students for various national and state level competitive examinations. Government of AP is planning to create one SWR School each for every assembly constituency reserved for SCs under SC Sub-Plan. Following is the present breakup of the institution. Besides, 03 degree colleges for girls have been sanctioned.



APSWREIS aims at the holistic growth of the students. To achieve such a growth, it has built a robust infrastructure. Each school is located in an average area of 5-7 acres, slightly away from the towns. A typical school complex will have a school building with 18-21 classrooms including laboratories, a library and a computer lab, a separate dormitory, dining hall and kitchen, a dispensary, playing ground, a few residential quarters for the staff. Presently APSWREIS institutions are functioning in 162 own buildings and rest of them are operating from the buildings of other departments and private homes. However, under NABARD scheme, 17 new school buildings are under construction and cost of each building being   Rs.12 Cr. Most of the  residential schools were either constructed  with funds of Social Welfare Department or Rural Poverty Reduction Program (RPRP) or with the help of HUDCO loans or under NABARD schemes. Wherever it is  necessary, the society has been augmenting Sarva Siksha Abhiyan (SSA), MPLADS, and   Constituency Development Funds.



Students walk into APSWREIS almost empty handed, but leave the institution with treasure of knowledge, confidence and robust health. The society gives the students everything that is required for the stay and study. Following are the facilities extended to the students at State’s cost:

·        Tuition

·        Boarding  & lodging facilities

·        Textbooks

·        Note books and stationery

·        Bedding material

·        Trunk box

·        Plate and glass 

·        Three pairs of uniform and a pair of PT dress

·        One pair of canvas shoes and socks.

·        Free health care

·        Cosmetic charges

·        Washing and hair cutting charges


All the above items are procured either through centralized purchases or decentralized purchases as per the government rules in force. The committees constituted for this purpose at various levels do a thorough quality check on all the items before they are distributed to the students.



The Head of the society is the Secretary who is usually an All India Service officer. The secretary is assisted by an Additional Secretary (non-cadre) to look after academic wing and a Joint Secretary to look into administration. There are deputy secretaries who look into academics, exams, training, amenities, information technology, and engineering. There is a separate post of Finance Officer who is on deputation from the Treasury service who looks into financial section including the budget. The head office is located in Hyderabad.

Principal is the head of the school/college. 9-12 junior lecturers, 18 resident teachers, four (4) special teachers, one librarian, and one staff nurse assist principal in an upgraded institution. Teaching staff is assisted by 5-9 non-teaching staff (ministerial staff) and five class-IV employees who work as attenders and watchmen/watchwomen.


Usually every teacher enters the system at the rank of trained graduate teacher (TGT), who then will be promoted as Post-Graduate Teacher (PGT), Junior Lecturer, and then Principal. Thirty percent of the principals are recruited directly through the rigorous entrance examination and interview. The society has been recruiting contract or part-time teachers regularly to fill up the vacancies. Senior most principal is designated as the District Convener to look after the supply of all amenities by coordinating with the district administration and the head office. AP is divided into six administrative zones and the senior most eligible principal acts as Deputy Secretary or Zonal Officer (ZO) of a zone, which on an average comprises of three districts.


A board of governors supervises society’s functioning. The chairman of the board is minister for social welfare, government of Andhra Pradesh. Vice-Chairman is the Principal Secretary to the government, Department of Social Welfare. Other board members include Commissioner of School Education, Commissioner, College Education and some experts in the field of education.




APSWREIS is a grants in aidinstitution whose entire budgetary requirements are provided by the government of A.P. The budget is primarily provided to meet a)administrative expenditure viz; salaries, utility payments, office expenditure etc, b) student related expenditure viz. diet, cosmetics, text books, note books, amenities like trunk boxes, plates, glasses, track suits, school uniform (3 pairs), etc. c) institution related expenditure viz., construction of buildings and repairs to the existing buildings.  Government is spending about Rs. 38,000 on each student per annum.

For instance, the details of the budget (Rs.563.12 crores) for the financial year 2015-16 are as follows:


33.33 %

Diet, Student amenities& utility bills

20.16 %

Construction of Residential School Complexes under SH (34)

23.25 %

Construction Integrated Residential School under SH (32)

21.15 %

Repairs&Maintenance of builings

2.11 %


100 %


The budget is generally released by the govt. on quarterly basis i.e. in four quarters in a year.  Each institution i.e. school or college acts as a distinct unit for drawl and disbursal of funds as per their requirements subject to the standardized government rules and procedures. The accounts are furnished to the head office on monthly basis and the statutory auditors like Chartered Accountants and Accountant General of A.P audit all such accounts. Finance wing of the society also conducts periodical iaudit of accounts of the schools. The salaries are paid online through software called as Central Payroll System(CPRS).



Stay in the APSW Residential School equips students with many survival skills in life unlike other institutions. Above all, students grow up with a strong sense of camaraderie and discipline. They develop a strong bond with their instructors, as the latter also stay at the places of their posting wherever quarters are available. Typical daily schedule goes as follows:


Time Slots

Daily schedule starts from

5.00 A.M.

Personal Activities

5.00 to 5.45 A.M. (45 Min)

Yoga & Physical Exercise

5.45 to 6.30 A.M.  (45 Min)

Self activities

6.30 to 7.00 A.M. (30 Min)


07.00 to 07.45 A.M (45 Min)

Supervisory study

(Day study)

07.45 to 08.45 A.M. (1 hr.)

Under supervision of 3 / 4  teachers of non upgraded 5 / 6 Upgraded institutions

Short Break

8.45 to 9.00 A.M. (15 Min)


9.00 to 9.15 A.M. (15 Min)

1st Period

09.15 to 10.00 A.M. (45 Min.)

2nd Period

10.00 to 10.45 A.M. (45 Min.)

3rd Period

10.45 to 11.25 A.M (40 Min.)

Short break

11.25 to 11.40 A.M. (15 Min.)

4th Period

11.40 to 12.20 P.M. (40 Min.)

5th Period

12.20 to 1.00 P.M. (40 Min.)

Lunch Break

1.00 to 2.00 P.M. (60 Min.)

6th Period

2.00 to 2.40 P.M. (40 Min.)

7th Period

2.40 to 3.20 P.M. (40 Min.)

8th Period

3.20 to 4.00 P.M. (40 Min.)

E-plus club

4.00 to 4.30 P.M. (30 Min.)

Snacks 4.30 to 5.00 P.M (30 min)

 Games & Sports

5.00 to 6.00 P.M. (1 hr)

Free time / Refreshing time

6.00 to 6.30 P.M. (30 Min.)

Supper / Dinner

06.30 to 07.30 P.M (1 hr.)

Night Study

07.30 to 09.00 P.M.  for 6th to Inter Class.

3 / 4 teachers for non-upgraded /

5 / 6 teachers for Upgraded    institutions.



All the students who write public exams like SSC and Class XI and XII have to write unit tests, quarterly half-yearly, annually and pre-annual examinations. Students are also provided faculty and facilities according to their interesting subjects and extracurricular activities like sports, painting and fine arts course.




APSWREIS has been ahead of the rest since its inception in all the competitions and board examinations. In 2015-16, the APSWREIS got 92.77 percent result in SSC or Class X vis-à-vis the state results, which is 91 percent. Total number of students appeared for SSC exams is 1,352. Of these, 1,192 students passed. Besides this, APSWREIS has also created IAS, IPS, IRS, other central services. doctors, engineers, professors, and teachers in its 26 years of existence. Following are the some of the reflections of alumni of APSWRIES: In 2015-16, the APSWREIS got 83.13 percent result in Intermediate (Class XI and XII) as against the state results, which is 72 per cent. Students of seven institutions for Class XI and XII of APSWREIS, got 1st class, nine institutions got 100 percent pass result.




Madan Thirmanpalli, IRS, Assistant Commissioner of Income Tax Department who studied at Uppalwai residential school in Nizamabad district from Class VII to Class X between 1988 and 1991 says, “Studying at residential school is a wonderful experience. Here teachers are more concerned about students’ skills and their future. Teachers focus on every student according to his/her abilities in various subjects”. “Many of my classmates became bureaucrats and a few went abroad as well,” he claimed with pride.

Sudhakar Aruri,a doctoral fellow at Potti Sriramulu Telugu University studied at Janagam residential school Warangal till Class X says, “Residential schools are heavens for underprivileged students, as the faculty of the schools give them their best.” He also said, “Many SC and ST intellectuals, bureaucrats, and other professional people studied at residential schools.”



For the past few years APSWRIES has made rapid strides in achieving efficiency through the technology. Today all the 288 institutions in the society are part of an intranet with assured connectivity. Society has its own email service and website. Attendance of the students and staff is monitored every day through Student Academic Monitoring Service (SAMS). This has not only instilled  discipline in the system, but also reduced corruption and wastage of expenditure in terms of diet charges for the absentees. Similarly it has enabled the head quarter to monitor the progress made by every student in every institution. All the staff gets the salaries online through Online Finance Management System (OFMS).

APSWREIS has successfully experimented with virtual classroom where in it organizes lectures everyday to the students of 200 Schools through state-owned MANA TV.


P-5:- To achieve the ambitious goal of qualitative education with all-round development of the student, a dynamic  strategy, “P-5” is implemented all over the society with five essential components viz., teacher empowerment, creating environment, promoting competitiveness, utilizing technology, and involving the community.

2.BOOT CAMPS:-All the schools in APSWREIS have almost transitioned from Telugu to English medium. However, most of the teachers are still struggling to teach in English and also use modern teaching techniques. To overcome this gap, Boot Camps were launched in all the districts by covering over 2000 teachers in the first phase. In these camps experts from various universities and private organizations teach the teachers about the usage of new teaching techniques. The trainers were also given training in teaching English by the English and Foreign Language University (EFLU) and theatre arts by the faculty of Osmania  University.

3.E-Plus Clubs:- This is a novel concept of overcoming the fear of English by unshackling the creative energies of both the students and the teachers in a closed classroom every day. This activity is a runaway hit in the schools and it has improved the spoken English skills of students immensely. The English daily, The Hindu is actively supporting us in this effort.

4.Science Fairs:-APSWREIS is committed to encourage the gifted children and fill the young minds with scientific temper. In this direction, science fairs, and exhibition on different themes are regularly conducted every year in different schools of the society. These competitions are thrown open to all the students of schools outside APSWREIS. Similarly, students of SWRS made the society proud by participating in state level and national level competitions.

5. Alumni Network-SWAEROES;

Every year about 20,000 students graduate  from the society to pursue higher education This year we have encouraged all these alumni to form into an alumni association so that they can help each other, guide their juniors, help the institution, and felicitate the teachers. So far the society could gather the details of 3,666 alumni who are doing very well in their respective fields all over the world. The list of alumni includes civil  servants, doctors, engineers, scientists, professors, school teachers, etc.


APSWREIS wants to make foray into premium sector of higher learning by empowering its children to write all competitive exams like EAMCET etc. To achieve this goal, rigorous training was given to teachers and long-term coaching was given to the students in all 156 APSWR science institutions. The coaching was blended with modern tips and techniques for conceptual teaching and learning.

7.BIG – 13 Resolutions for 2013:

To stay updated and push frontiers of learning this year, APSWREIS has resolved to pursue the following thirteen goals for 2013. These resolutions were communicated to all the schools.

1.      WHITE-WASHINGthe classrooms, dormitories, dining halls, and clearing bushes in all our school.

2.      Introducing  STUDENT CURATORS for every structure in the school complex.

3.      All students, girls in particular to be given training in MARTIAL ARTS by the PETS/PDs

4.Reviving the LIBRARIES and encouraging each student to READ at least 10 story books in English and 3 story books in Telugu

5.Librarians/Art/Craft teachers to act as CAREER COUNSELLORS to the students

6.Each student to learn at least 365 ENGLISH WORDS along with their usage

7.Each student to WRITE ten (10) letters to parents and three (3) stories in English with the assistance of house parents

8.Every school to have VOLUNTARY CLUB ACTIVITIES like student council, public speaking and debating club, fine arts club, nature appreciation club, techno clubs, etc

 9. GROUP DISCUSSIONand MEMORY TECHNIQUES to be the integral part of self-study

10. Teachers to encourage TEACHING ASSISTANTS from among the interested students.

11. Every house parent to concentrate on WELL BEING of their students. This includes health, personal hygiene, dressing, and language of the students.

12. PROJECT BASED AND PARTICPATORY LEARNING    to be the new model of pedagogy in our schools.

13. Teachers to narrate INSPIRING STORIES to their students every week in their classes



APSWREIS’s vision to be a principal change agent in the lives of marginalized sections of Andhra Pradesh is sought to be realized through range of initiatives like “P5”. Given the embedded potential of the organization, its products- the children are set to touch the sky, despite meager resources. The key to this success lay with its principal stakeholders- the teachers, students, parents, and the synergy among all of them